Welcome to Berdyansk
It is not for nothing that Berdyansk is called the pearl of the Northern Trans-Azov region: it is not just an industrial city with a big sea port but also one of the biggest centers of recreation, rest and tourism at the Azov Sea. Founded as a fishermen’s small commercial village more than 180 years ago, today Berdyansk is considered to be one of the coziest and most beautiful cities of Azov. The city is also famous for its health resorts, where you can relax and restore your health in every season you like.
At the beginning of the XIX century the Russian Empire urgently needed a port on the coast of the Azov Sea to export wheat overseas from Trans-Azov region and the left bank of Ukraine. In 1824 the earl Mikhail Semenovich Vorontsov, who was then the Governor-General of the Novorussian land, arranged an expedition with a purpose of finding a place for such port. It was decided to build a quay in a vast convenient bay protected from the East with Berdyansk sandy spit. The spit name was after the river Berda, which flew into the Azov Sea a bit more to the East. Yet in the seventies of the XVIII century, so called Petrovska fortress (nowadays it is located on the territory of the village Novopetrovka, the suburb of Berdyansk) was built just near the river’s mouth to obtain protection against attacks of the Crimean Tatars. Yet by the end of 1827 a quay was built on the coast and a small settlement with a Turkic name Kutur-Ogly appeared next to it. Three years later it was called Novo-Nogajsk (because of the local nomadic population – Noganians). And, finally, in 1841 the city was renamed as Berdyansk by a special order of the Tsar.
During the first decades the port remained the basis of the local economy. At the end of the XIX century industrial enterprises began being built and soon Berdyansk became known as a wonderful resort area. In the XX century Berdyansk remained mainly an industrial centre, but in the last decades an active development of a resort places started. The central districts were reconstructed, new parks and fountains appeared. The city acquired its modern and unique appearance. The Berdyansk spit surrounded by the sea is represented by an original cascading fountain in the city centre and all the benches along the embankment are made as figures of fish and animals. Huge sun-dial is in the central square. During the tour of the city you will definitely see the cannon-ball, which got stuck in the wall of an ancient building (now hosting the local military registration and recruitment office) when the city was bombarded by the Anglo-French squadron in the years of the Crimean (Eastern) War 1853-1856. During the reconstruction of the building the cannon-ball was decided not to be taken out, but to be saved as a peculiar monument.
By the way, Berdyansk original monuments and sculptures are rightfully considered one of the main points of interest of the city. One of the first such monuments was the monument to a small fish, Azovian bullhead, which used to save the citizens from hunger in hard times. Tourists (and sometimes even the local people) rush to sit in the magic “Wish Fulfilling Armchair”. All you need to do is to sit, concentrate, formulate your wish and pronounce whether aloud or to yourself. It will certainly help you! Cast-iron “Sanitary Technician Vasya” looks out from a sewage hatch right on the central square. There is a unique monument…to a toad, a symbol of envy and meanness. Next to the bus station, on the stone pedestal, a couple of bronze campers fight persistently against Colorado beetles, and at the outskirts of the park “P. Schmidt” Ostap Bender and Shura Balaganov, famous characters of a popular humorous novel, are enthusiastically discussing something. It’s interesting that next to the “children of Lieutenant Schmidt” there is a chair for those who want to have a picture together with the popular characters. Just near a parapet of the embankment a bronze boy that caught a big bullhead is happy. Bullhead is the most common fish of Azov, but just recently the fishermen were going out to the sea to fishing for schools of sturgeon fish. They say that in 1951 a beluga weighing 708 kg was caught here! Today fishing of sturgeon fish is not allowed: this species is included in the Red Book and protected by the law.
Another place of interest of Berdyansk is a huge modern water park “Cape of Good Hope” opened in 2006. Its area is more than 5 hectares where 28 side-shows both for children and adults are located. The structures of the water park are made in a style of an ancient castle, surrounded by exotic plants and divided by fancy-shaped swimming-pools of different depths and sizes. There is also an area for the smallest visitors with their parents, which consists of a shallow swimming-pool and a real fortress with water slides surrounded by side-shows for children.
Among other cities on the coast of Azov Berdyansk is noted for its relief of the territory: it is conventionally divided into two parts – “Mountain” and actually “City”. “Mountain” is a rocky coast of an ancient sea, and “City” is located in the place of the former seabed. For millions of years the sea flooded the bottom of the rocks more than once. About a 1000 years ago it retreated for the last time having left near the foundation of the Berdyansk spit salines with therapeutic silt mud:– Sredniy Liman, Krugloje, Masankovoje, Krasnopioroje, Dlinoje, Bolshoje, Krasnoje. The mud with a similar composition exists, for example, in the world-famous Czech resort Karlovy Vary. The spit also has springs of therapeutic mineral waters, which are widely used at the local health centers.
Thanks to the unique natural and climatic conditions (as well as to reasonable prices, which is also important!) Berdyansk became one of the most popular sea resorts of Ukraine and the former Soviet republics (Russia and Byelorussia): every season more than 200 000 people come here to have rest. The steppe climate of the South of Ukraine is combined here with sea climate of Azov, the sea water contains about a hundred of health-giving chemical elements and minerals, while the therapeutic mud and mineral waters supplement this unique combination.
Health-centers, pensions and recreation centers are concentrated mainly not in Berdyansk, but on the Berdyansk spit, which extends for more than 20 kilometers. Today they are capable to host up to 15 000 people at a time. The whole eastern bank of the spit is nothing but an endless beach with fine goldish sand. The beaches of the western bank open on the Bay of Berdyansk. The spit is relatively narrow, and tourists take advantage of it when it’s windy: if waves on the eastern bank are too big you can spend the day on the western beaches, and vice versa.
One could talk about Berdyansk for a long time, but as the well-known saying goes “Better seeing than hearing”. Berdyansk, an international sea port, fishing centre and one of the best resorts of Ukraine, is always happy to receive guests.
Berdyansk, also spelled as Berdiansk, is a small resort town in Zaporozhye region, Ukraine. Berdyansk is situated on the northern coast of the Azov Sea between Berdyansk sand-spit and Obitochnaya sand-spit. These two sand-spits form the Berdyansk Gulf. Berdyansk sand-spit is jutting out 23 km into Azov Sea. The main part of the town located along the Berdyansk Gulf coast line. Due to its favorable location on the the Azov Sea coast and low prices for tourist services, Berdyansk became a very popular resort. The climate here is quite unique: the summers are hot and dry, and the winters are mild and warm. The water in the Azov Sea is warming up to 26 or more degrees in summer. There are six large salt lakes in Berdyansk area that give a natural therapeutic mud. As to salinity, one of these lakes is similar to the Dead Sea in Israel. Thanks to surf waves, a gradual deepening of the sea, and especially fine-grained sand, which covers the bottom, the beaches of Berdyansk are the best on the Azov Sea.
Berdyansk is a port city in Zaporizhzhya Oblast, southeastern Ukraine. Berdyansk is located 160 km (99 mi) southwest of Donetsk. It lies on a small peninsula on the northern coast of the Sea of Azov, in a semiarid plain. Founded in 1827, it was called Osipenko from 1939 to 1958. German forces occupied the city for several months during World War II (1939-1945).